Photo: Parliament of Canada in Ottawa,
Ottawa, Ontario is the capital city of Canada. Ottawa
is home to the Parliament of Canada, the House of Commons, the Senate,
the Privy Council, the Supreme Court, the Federal Court and the Bank of
Canada. Ottawa is the official residence of the Prime Minister of
Canada. It is also the permanent residence of the Governor General
The name "Ottawa" is derived from the Algonquin word
adawe, meaning "to trade". Ottawa and the Ottawa Valley was home
to the Algonquin people prior to the arrival of Europeans during the fur
and subsequent lumber trade eras.
Europeans from Ireland and France settled in Ottawa
and it has become a multicultural - bilingual city with a diverse
Parliament Hill information and coloring page
Flame in Ottawa,
The Centennial Flame is a symbolic flame that
forms the central element of a fountain on Parliament Hill, in
The Centennial Flame was lit by Lester B.
Pearson (the Canadian Prime Minister at the time) on New Year's
Day, 1967 to officially inaugurate the Canadian Centennial
celebrations. The Canadian Centennial was a year long
celebration held in 1967 when Canada celebrated the 100th
anniversary of the Canadian Confederation.
fountain's water runs from beneath the coats of arms for each of
the provinces and territories as they existed in 1966, into a
moat below. The wall surrounding the moat lists the year
each province and territory joined Confederation.
The Supreme Court of Canada is the highest
Canadian court and is the final court of appeals in the Canadian
The court grants permission to between 40 and
75 litigants each year to appeal decisions rendered by
provincial, territorial and federal appellate courts, and its
decisions are binding upon all lower courts of Canada.
The Supreme Court of Canada is composed of
nine judges: the Chief Justice of Canada and eight others.